二代歌川豐國(歌川豐重)Utagawa Toyokuni II (Toyoshige) (1777-1835)
  • 二代歌川豐國(歌川豐重)Utagawa Toyokuni II (Toyoshige) (1777-1835)

    名胜八景 鎌仓晩钟

    Kamakura Bansho"Evening Bell at Kamakura" "View of the Mountains of Awa Province from Tsurugaoka" from the series "Meisho Hakkei" "Eight Views of Scenic Spots"

     

    1830年

     

    木版画 | 横绘大判 | 24.4cm×36.1cm

    Woodblock-print | Yoko tata-e | 24.4cm×36.1cm

     

    歌川丰重是歌川丰国的学生,最终继承了师父的名号,又名二代目歌川丰国。二代丰国擅长役者绘和美人绘,但有一次,他创作了职业生涯里唯一一个风景画系列——《名胜八景》。

    今天为大家介绍的这幅《名胜八景 镰仓夜钟》,创作于19世纪30年代初,是浮世绘史上最大胆、最令人印象深刻的风景画系列之一,极具前瞻性的创作视野,前卫大气的设计风格,加之精细无比的印刷质量,在我第一次看到这个系列的时候忍不住想“原来低调的二代丰国也是风景画天才啊!”。

    在这幅画里,二代丰国通过鸟瞰的角度为我们描绘了「从鹤冈遥望房州群山之图」,其构图是以鹤冈八幡宫境内为近景,从这里隔海相望房总半岛(现在的千叶县),将巍峨群山尽收眼底。画中云雾的阴影是如此的微妙,明明鹤冈八幡宫是画面的视觉中心,但二代丰国通过加深云层的颜色,制造了一个错觉,好似笼罩在天空的云雾才是画面的前景。

    不知道大家是否有留意画面正上方的标题,原始标题背景色其实是紫色的,但这么多年后,紫色已经褪色为棕褐色——众所周知,江户时期的紫色非常容易褪色。此外,画面中间有一条折痕。很多人会把折痕归结于品相问题,但我却觉得,折痕往往说明这幅画曾经被妥善地保存于册页中——这就是为什么近200年后,这幅画的色彩依旧强烈(除了紫色外)。

    Toyoshige was a student of the first Toyokuni, and eventually took the name Toyokuni II. He specialized in actor and bijin prints. Yet on one occasion he did a landscape series -- and what a series it was!

    "Eight Views of Scenic Spots," which includes this print -- "Evening Bell at Kamakura" -- was done in the early 1830s and is one of the boldest, most exciting landscape series in Ukiyo-e history. All of these designs featured crisp and modern designs, bold atmospheric effects and incredibly fine printing. In "Evening Bell..." we see the temple laid out before us, but the shading is so delicate that the viewer senses the foreground is in cloud shade, while the sun shines on the temple itself. Look at the quality of the printing, especially the key block.

    This series featured purple in the title cartouche, which, in this case, has faded to tan -- purple was notoriously fugitive. And note the centerfold. But remember, a centerfold can be a necessary evil, because it means the print was hidden away in an album -- and that's why the colors are so strong; it was protected from light for more than 100 years.

     

    轻微黄化;少许污渍;中间折痕

    Sight toning; stains; centerfold

     

    可售

    Available